Indian chutney is like Condiments in western cuisine. . It has a mixture of Spices, vegetables, fruits, etc. It is generally served with Indian thali, snacks, starter or to add taste. Preservatives are added if you have to keep it for long. But, to avoid adding preservatives, it is generally served fresh along with meal.
Chantey can be dry, like paste or slurry depending upon the type and dish you are serving.
Typically you can serve cutney with : Sandwiches, Omelettes, Burger, Indian Snacks, Indian thali or any food with Nan/Roti/chapatti/tortilla/puri, Bread,etc. Many Indian dishes comes with traditioanal fixed/prescribed chutney.
Science: It is a mixture of vegetables or fruits and spices. It not only adds taste but also provides required minerals, protein and salt suppliments.
Different types of Indian chutneys are : Mint, tomato, Onion, Coconut, Red chilli, Green chili, Mango, Lime, Garlic, Yogurt, Ginger, Peanut, Tamarind, etc.
Watch some famous chutney recipes :
How to make Coconut Chutney
Different delicious chutney information and recipes
Tomato Chutney by Manjula (North Indian Style)
Tomato & onion chutney (South Indian Style)
Peanut Garlic Chutney ( Maharastrian Style)
Tarmarind Capsicum Chutney
Tamarind Chutney by Manjula
Peanut “Chanadal” Chutney ( South Indian Style)
Sweet and Sour Dry Mango Chutney
Dry Pomegranate Chutney
Green chutney for snacks
Green Chili Chutney
You can find more as per you taste….Enjoy!
Image credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chutney
Sources: Google search, Youtube, Wikipedia, and other links in the post.